Christ The King

Geography Curriculum - The Big Picture

Intent

The Geography curriculum at BEBCMAT aims to inspire children to have a curiosity and fascination about the world and people around them. It provides children with the opportunities to understand the earth, in the past, present and in the future, with careful consideration to how they are interconnected. Lessons are intended to improve the children’s geographical vocabulary, map skills and geographical understanding as they progress through primary school and will provide opportunities for consolidation, challenge and variety to ensure interest in geography will remain with the children throughout their lives.

Geography taught within the trust also allows children to understand the relationships between individual people and the earth; paying particular attention to how our daily lives impact the world we live in. Children will become geographers by collecting, analysing and interpreting a range of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes and photographs. Geography at BEBCMAT will contribute to the cultural and moral life of the children as they learn about a variety of different places, allowing them to develop a tolerance and understanding of other people and environments. The sequence of lessons throughout each key stage ensures that the children are exposed to all the skills required to meet the aims of the National Curriculum. Each topic chosen is of a suitable nature for the child’s age and understanding of the world which will allow for a broader, deeper understanding of the four areas of geography as identified in the National Curriculum.

Implementation

Throughout the Early Years Foundation Stage, children continuously explore the natural world around them and, because of this, will be able to recognise that some environments are different from the one they live in. By the end of the children’s time within the Foundation Stage, their understanding of the world will have grown to allow the children to describe their immediate environment with support from observation, discussion, stories and simple maps. They will understand some important processes which change the natural world around them (seasons) and be able to explain some similarities and differences between life in this country and life in other countries through the use of stories, non-fiction texts and images. All of this will provide an excellent foundation for the children to enhance their geographical understanding throughout Key Stage 1 and beyond.

In Years 1-6, Geography is taught once a week, for one hour, on a half termly basis. Geography lessons start with spaced retrieval, whereby the children can review previous learning to help make connections and solidify content taught. Through revisiting and consolidating skills, the children will build on prior knowledge alongside introducing new stills. In Key Stage 1, children begin to use maps and recognise physical and human features associated with the local area, building to use maps to explore the continents and oceans in Year 2. By the end of Key Stage 1, children will have begun to compare where they will to places outside of Europe and be able to ask, and answer, geographical questions. Throughout Key Stage 2, map skills are developed further and the children will expand their skills in local knowledge, human and physical geography, geographical skills and fieldwork.

The children will be exposed to a variety of places and/or geographical features, ensuring they are exposed to both human and physical aspects. The children will be encouraged to ask thoughtful questions about the information presented to them and make connections to prior learning. Each year, the children’s skills will develop as they explore a new aspect of geography and they will become more confident and independent when analysing geographical information.

Impact

Teachers have high expectations of all children and, because of this, all children will use geographical vocabulary and skills with increasing confidence and as their skills and knowledge develop. Through low stake quizzes, retrieval tasks and informal conversations, planning will be adapted to cater the needs of learners to ensure each lesson is purposeful and meaningful.

Children will begin to make relevant links between geography and different subject areas and they will improve their inquiry skills and inquisitiveness about the world around them. Children will develop understanding that the choices they make impact the world around them and will have an understanding of their responsibility to develop the sustainability of our planet.

Curriculum Map

Year 1

Autumn 1

Seasons

Autumn 2

History

Spring 1

Around the world

Spring 2

History

Summer 1

Life in the city

Summer 2

History

Year 2

Autumn 1

Where do I live?

Autumn 2

History

Spring 1

Arctic Adventures

Spring 2

History

Summer 1

Map Makers

Summer 2

History

Year 3

Autumn 1

The rainforest

Autumn 2

History

Spring 1

Our European Neighbours

Spring 2

History

Summer 1

Investigating India

Summer 2

History

Year 4

Autumn 1

Volcanoes

Autumn 2

History

Spring 1

Countries of the World

Spring 2

History

Summer 1

Earning a living

Summer 2

History

Year 5

Autumn 1

The Grand Canyon

Autumn 2

History

Spring 1

Waterworld

Spring 2

History

Summer 1

Extreme Earth

Summer 2

History

Year 6

Autumn 1

South America

Autumn 2

History

Spring 1

Scandinavia

Spring 2

History

Summer 1

Local area study

Summer 2

History

Autumn: To be able to...

Year 1

The Four Seasons
Children will find out how a year is split into four seasons and will recognise that weather patterns change throughout the year because of the seasons. They will learn when each season occurs and investigate changes each season brings. This will include effects on weather, temperature, what activities can take place within that season and why.

Year 2

Where Do I Live?
The children will recap the seven continents learned in Year 1 and expand their knowledge to include the 5 oceans. They will locate The United Kingdom on a world map and identify it as a country within Europe. They will learn that The UK is split into four countries and be able to identify human and physical features in each country. Children will build on their knowledge of cities from Year 1 and expand their understanding to compare them to towns and villages.

Year 3

The Rainforest
Children will learn what a rainforest is and where on the Earth they can be found. They will explore layers of vegetation in a rainforest and be able to identify, describe and name animals which live within each layer. Children will look into the climate of a rainforest and understand why rainforests have so much rain, touching upon the water cycle. They will also discover that people also live in rainforests and compare tribal lifestyles to Western lifestyles. Finally, the children will learn about deforestation and the threats humans pose on our environment.

Year 4

Volcanoes
Children will learn what a volcano is and learn where some of the world’s most famous volcanoes are located in relation to northern and southern hemispheres and the equator. They will learn the causes of volcanic eruptions and what happens during an eruption. The children will discover the three types of volcano and learn how each are formed including the vocabulary extinct, active and dormant. Children will investigate why people choose to live in volcanic areas and compare the similarities and differences between a volcanic area and a non-volcanic area.

Year 5

The Grand Canyon
Children will begin by locating America on a world map, focusing on where in America The Grand Canyon is situated. They will briefly explore lines of longitude and latitude before learning more physical characteristics of the canyon. The children will learn how the canyon was formed, including different types of water erosion and investigate the biomes and climate regions of the canyon, justifying reasons as to how and why these occur. They will look into human impact on the canyon, thinking about types of settlement and land use. This will lead them to think carefully about the impacts of tourism and develop an understanding as to why it is important for governments to look after protected parks.

Year 6

South America
Children will remind themselves that South Africa is a continent and begin to examine the continent in more detail to understand that it is made up of 12 countries and two territories, distinguishing between the two. Children will use climate zone maps to explore climate zones around the world before focusing on the climates of South America, being able to describe the features of the differing climates found there. They will investigate the major mountain region of South America – discovering how The Andes were formed and how they are used by humans. They will focus on the human geography of South America and consider the concept of world trade. They will identify the biggest exports of South America and recognise their most influential industries. Finally, the children will compare a country within South America with The UK using their knowledge to explain similarities and differences between the two countries.

Spring: To be able to...

Year 1

Around the World
The children will locate the seven continents of the world. Each lesson, the children will focus on a country from each continent and will be able to identify key features of that country due to the continent it sits on. This will include rivers, mountains, animals and other major landmarks

Year 2

Arctic Adventures
Children will look in-depth at the Arctic Circle and the seven countries which lie within it. The children will learn new weather vocabulary and use it to describe weather patterns. They will learn new vocabulary relating to the physical features of the Arctic Circle. Using maps, the children will locate and record animal distribution throughout the Arctic and they will investigate how these animals survive the harsh conditions.

Year 3

Our European Neighbours
Children will recap the seven continents of the world before focusing on Europe; comparing it to other continents for size and features. Children will then look at human geography of a variety of European countries. Using maps, the children will identify the difference between a continent, country and city before looking more closely at capital cities.

Year 4

Countries of the World
Children will begin by recapping the seven continents, reminding themselves of the difference between a continent and a country. Using a world map, children will locate different countries from each continent and locate the tallest mountain and longest river of each continent. They will develop their understanding of climate – investigating which are the hottest and coldest country on each continent and explain why. Children will focus on particular capital cities and compare them for the similarities and differences in their human and physical geography.

Year 5

Water World
Children will identify different bodies of water which lie on our planet; understanding that not all water is safe for human consumption. The children will learn about the water cycle, using specific vocabulary, and develop an understanding of how important it is for the planet. They will consider different ways water is used within households and learn how water gets to their taps via the treatment process and consider the importance of water conservation. Children will learn about a water-scarce country, comparing water usage using different charts and understand how limited access to water can affect lives. They will see how water can be used to contribute to a more sustainable future. Finally, they will explore a local body of water.

Year 6

Exploring Scandinavia
Children will be introduced to Scandinavia and identify where it lies on a world map. They will explore the climate and weather of the countries of Scandinavia using a variety of graphs and charts. They develop their understanding as to how these countries have extremely short days in the winter and extremely long days in the summer because of where in the world it is located. Children will investigate the human and physical features of these countries including fjords and glaciers. They will compare Scandinavian countries to that of The UK using a variety of sources.

Summer: To be able to...

Year 1

Life in the City
Children will learn what a city is and what it looks like. They will explore human and physical features of cities and compare two contrasting cities. Finally, they will explore a city from a bird’s eye view and will explore how to use symbols to represent objects.

Year 2

Map Makers
The children will learn the four compass points and begin navigating round a map. They will use aerial photographs to recognise landmarks. Using simple fieldwork and observational skills, the children will first look at maps of towns and cities, describing what they can see and develop their understanding as to why map symbols and keys are important. They will then create their own map of their local area and think about the reasons as to why human features are placed where they are.

Year 3

Investigating India
Children will begin by identifying India on a map and other surrounding countries. They will learn key human geographical facts about India before exploring and identifying the different climate regions of India. They will look closely at India’s mountain ranges and major rivers and will then explore India’s culture and examine its influence on other countries. Finally, they will compare India with The UK and will use their knowledge to consider why the two countries are so different.

Year 4

Earning a Living
Children will focus on the reasons why people work and the variety of different jobs which can be undertaken. They will be able to group jobs into different sectors and understand why some industries are paid more than others. They will be able to explain how jobs contribute to life within a society. Children will then explore how a country’s climate and resources affect its industry and economy. Children will investigate unemployment, understanding the reasons behind this and its impact on society before finally learning how and why children work around the world.

Year 5

Extreme Earth
Children will begin by looking at climate zones around the world and how this changes around the poles and the equator. They will recap the water cycle and explore how droughts occur and what effects they can have. Children will focus on different types of extreme weather; they will define them, explain where in the world they are most likely to occur and consider the effects they can have on people/ landscapes. Children will investigate the causes of earthquakes, looking closely at the tectonic plates. They will focus on Tsunamis, learning how and why they occur, and consider the devastation they can cause.

Year 6

Local Area Study
Children will look in-depth at the human and physical geography within their local area. They will investigate economic activity, land use, settlements, climate zones, rivers, mountains and hills all within the local area. Using a variety of sources, such as OS Maps, digital maps, photographs, graphs etc, the children will discover how their local area contributes to the wider functioning of society.